References

Moringa

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  1. Rockwood JL, Anderson BG, Casamatta DA. Potential uses of Moringa oleifera and an examination of antibiotic efficacy conferred by M. oleifera seed and leaf extracts using crude extraction techniques available to underserved indigenous populations. Int J Phytothearpy Res. 2013;3(2):61–71.

  2. Oduro I, Ellis WO, Owusu D. Nutritional potential of two leafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatasleaves. Sci Res Essays. 2008;3(2):57–60.

  3. Kasolo JN, Bimenya GS, Ojok L, et al. Phytochemicals and uses of Moringa oleifera leaves in Ugandan rural communities. J Med Plants Res. 2010;4(9):753–757.

  4. Monik Adriaens. Family Medicinal Plant Gardens in the Rwenzori Region. Marianum Press Ltd. 2006; 79-82.

  5. Mutiara TK, Harijono, Teti Estiasih, et al. Effect lactagogue moringa leaves Moringa oleifera Lam powder in rats.J Basic Appl Sci Res. 2013;3(4):430–434.

  6. Thurber MD, Fahey JW. Adoption of Moringa oleifera to combat under-nutrition viewed through the lens of the diffusion of innovations theory. Ecol Food Nutr. 2010;48(3):212–225.

  7. Mbikay M. Therapeutic potential of Moringa oleifera leaves in chronic hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia: a review. Front Pharmacol. 2012;3:24.

  8. Berkovich L, Earon G, Ron I, et al. Moringa oleifera aqueous leaf extract down-regulates nuclear factor-kappaB and increases cytotoxic effect of chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:212.

  9. Sánchez Machado DI, Núñez Gastélum JA. Reyes Moreno C, et al. Nutritional quality of edible parts of Moringa oleifera. Food Anal Methods. 2010;3(3):175–180.

  10. Barminas JT, Charles M, Emmanuel D. Mineral composition of non-conventional leafy vegetables. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr.1998;53(1):29–36.

  11. Olagbemide PT, Alikwe PC. Proximate analysis and chemical composition of raw and defatted Moringa oleifera kernel. Adv Life Sci Technol. 2014;24:92–99.

  12. Moringa Leaf Powder: A nutritional analysis of leaf powder.

  13. Ijarotimi OS, Adeoti O, Ariyo O. Comparative study on nutrient composition, phytochemical, and functional characteristics of raw, germinated, and fermented Moringa oleifera seed flour.Food Sci Nutr. 2013;1(6):452–463.          

  14. Mishra SP, Singh P, Singh S. Processing of Moringa oleifera leaves for human consumption. Bull Environ Pharmacol Life Sci. 2012;2(1):28–31.

  15. Sallau B, Mada SB, Ibrahim S. Effect of boiling, simmering and blanching on the antinutritional content of Moringa oleifera leaves. Int J Food Nutr Saf. 2012;2:1–6.

  16. Kachik F, Mudlagiri BG, Gary RB, et al. Effects of food preparation on qualitative and quantitative distribution of major carotenoids constituents of tomatoes and several green vegetables. J Agric Food Chem.1992;40(3):390–398.

  17. Yang R, Chang L, Hsu J, et al. Nutritional and functional properties of moringa leaves from germplasm, to plant, to food, to health. Am Chem Soc. 2006;1–17.

  18. Kiranawati TW, Nurjanah N. Improvement of noodles recipe for increasing breastmilk: design of the Moringa noodles. Am J Food Sci Technol. 2014;2(3):88–92.

  19. Asiedu Gyekye IJ, Frimpong Manso S, Awortwe C, et al. Micro and macroelemental composition and safety evaluation of the nutraceutical Moringa oleifera leaves. J Toxicol. 2014:1–13.

  20. Kaneto H, Kajimoto Y, Miyagawa J, et al. Beneficial effects of antioxidants in diabetes: possible protection of pancreatic β -cells against glucose toxicity. Diabetes. 1999;48(12):2398–2406.

  21. Prentki M, Nolan CJ. Islet β cell failure in type 2 diabetes. J Clin Invest. 2006;116(7):1802–1812.

  22. Kamalakkannan N, Prince PS. Antihyperglycaemic and antioxidant effect of rutin, a polyphenolic flavonoid, in streptozotocin-induced diabetic wistar rats. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2006;98(1):97–103.

  23. Al Malki AL, El Rabey HA. The antidiabetic effect of low doses of Moringa oleifera Lam. seeds on streptozotocin induced diabetes and diabetic nephropathy in male rats. Biomed Res Int. 2015:1–13.

  24. Aronson D, Rayfield RA. How hyperglycemia promotes atherosclerosis: molecular mechanisms. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2002;1:1.

  25. Chumark P, Khunawat P, Sanvarinda Y, et al. The in vitro and ex vivo antioxidant properties, hypolipidaemic and antiatherosclerotic activities of water extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaves. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;116(3):439–446.

  26. Tiloke C, Phulukdaree A, Chuturgoon AA. The antiproliferative effect of Moringa oleifera crude aqueous leaf extract on cancerous human alveolar epithelial cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:226–233.

  27. Jung IL. Soluble extract from Moringa oleifera leaves with a new anticancer activity. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(4):1–10.

  28. Leelawat S, Leelawat L. Moringa olefiera extracts induce cholangiocarcinoma cell apoptosis by induction of reactive oxygen species production. Int J Pharmacogn Phytochem Res. 2014;6(2):183–189.

  29. Liou GY, Storz P. Reactive oxygen species in cancer. Free Radic Res. 2010;44(5):479–496.

  30. Hermawan, Nur KA, Sarmoko, et al. Ethanolic extract of Moringa oleifera increased cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin on HeLa cancer cells. J Nat Remedies. 2012;12(2):108–114.

  31. Fahey J, Muna Abdalla I. Moringa oleifera: a review of the medical evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic, and prophylactic properties. Trees Life J. 2005;1:1–33.

  32. Miyoshi N, Uchida K, Osawa T, et al. A link between benzyl isothiocyanate-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis: involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the Bcl-2 phosphorylation. Cancer Res. 2004;64(6):2134–2142.

  33. Lee YJ, Shacter E. Oxidative stress inhibits apoptosis in human lymphoma cells. J Biol Chem. 1999;274(28):19792–19798.

  34. Baker K, Marcus CB, Huffman K, et al. Synthetic combined superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics are protective as a delayed treatment in a rat stroke model: a key role for reactive oxygen species in ischemic brain injury. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.1998;284(1):215–221.

  35. Kirisattayakul W, Wattanathorn J, Tong Un T, et al. Cerebroprotective effect of Moringa oleifera against focal ischemic stroke induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013:10–13.

  36. Sutalangka C, Wattanathorn J, Muchimapura S, et al. Moringa oleifera mitigates memory impairment and neurodegeneration in animal model of age-related dementia. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013:1–9.

  37. Adeyemi OS, Elebiyo TC. Moringa oleifera supplemented diets prevented nickel-induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats. J Nutr Metab. 2014:1–8.

  38. Ravikumar K, Sheeja AK. Heavy metal removal from water using Moringa oleifera seed coagulant and double filtration. Int J Sci Eng Res. 2013;4(5):10–13.

  39. Mahajan GS, Mehta AA. Anti-arthritic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of flowers of Moringa oleifera lam. in Wistar rats. J Herbs Spices Med Plants. 2009;15(2):149–163.

  40. Chen M, Verdes RP. Elucidation of bactericidal effects incurred by Moringa oleifera and Chitosan. J US SJWP. 2009;4:65–79.

  41. Viera GHF, Mourão JA, Ângelo AM, et al. Antibacterial effect in vitro of Moringa oleifera and Annona muricata against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Rev Ins Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2010;52(3):129–132.

  42. Jahn SA, Musnad HA, Burgstaller H. The tree that purifies water: cultivating multipurpose Moringaceae in the Sudan Unasylva. 1986;38:23–28.

  43. Choudhary MK, Bodakhe SH, Gupta SK. Assessment of the antiulcer potential of Moringa oleifera root-bark extract in rats. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2013;6(4):214–220.

  44. Nair S, Varalakshmi KN. Anticancer, cytotoxic potential of Moringa oleifera extracts on HeLa cell line. J Nat Pharm. 2011;2:138–142

  45. Monera TG, Maponga CC. Prevalence and patterns of Moringa oleifera use among HIV positive patients in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional survey. J Public Health Afr. 2012;3(1):6–8.

  46. Lalas S, Tsaknis J. Characterization of Moringa oleifera seed oil variety Periyakulam-1. J Food Compos Anal. 2002;15(1):65–77.

  47. Lurling M, Beekman W. Anticyanobacterial activity of Moringa oleifera seeds. J Appl Phycol. 2010;22(4):503–510.

  48. Sengupta ME, Keraita B, Olsen A, et al. Use of Moringa oleifera seed extracts to reduce helminth egg numbers and turbidity in irrigation water. Water Res. 2012;46(11):3646–3656.

  49. Suhartini S, Hidayat N, Rosaliana E. Influence of powdered Moringa oleifera seeds and natural filter media on the characteristics of tapioca starch wastewater. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric. 2013;2:1–11.

  50. Santos TR, Silva MF, Nishi L, et al. Development of a magnetic coagulant based on Moringa oleifera seed extract for water treatment. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2016:23(8):7692–700.

  51. Adejumo OE, Kolapo AL, Folarin AO. Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae grown in Nigeria: in vitro antisickling activity on deoxygenated erythrocyte cells. J Pharm Bioall Sci. 2012;4(2):118–122.

  52. Shank LP, Riyathong T, Lee VS, et al. Peroxidase activity in native and callus culture of Moringa oleifera Lam. J Med Bioeng. 2013;2(3):163–167.

  53. Fuglie LJ. The Moringa Tree: A local solution to malnutrition; Church World Service in Senegal: 2005

  54. Aluko O, Brai MR, Adelore AO. Materials evaluation of sensory attributes of snack from maize-moringa seed flour blends. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol. 2013;7:597–599.

  55. Owusu D, Oduro I. Development of crackers from cassava and sweetpotato flours using Moringa oleiferaand Ipomoea batatas leaves as fortificant. Am J Food Nutr. 2011;1(3):114–122.

  56. Raphaël KJ. Effects of substituting soybean with Moringa oleifera meal in diets on laying and eggs quality characteristics of KABIR chickens. J Anim Nutr. 2015;1(4):1–6.

  57. Olugbemi TS, Mutayoba SK, Lekule FP. Effect of Moringa M. oleifera inclusion in cassava based diets fed to broiler chickens. Int J Poult Sci. 2010;9(4):363–367.

  58. Zeng B, Luo J, Wang P, et al. The beneficial effects of Moringa oleifera leaf on reproductive performance in mice. Food Sci Nutr. 2019;7(2):738-746. Published 2019 Jan 22. doi:10.1002/fsn3.918

Spirulina

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1. Amha Belay, Yoshimichi Ota (1993): Current knowledge on potential health benefits of Spirulina. Pub. in Journal of Appl. Phycology, 5:235-241.

2. Ayehunie S, Belay A, Baba TW, et al. (1998): Inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an aqueous extract of Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira platensis). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol, 18:7"“12.

3. Becker EW, Jakober B, Luft D, et al.(1986): Clinical and biochemical evaluations of the alga Spirulina with regard to its application in the treatment of obesity. A double-blind crossover study. Nutr Rep Intl, 33:565"“73.

4. Bioavailability of spirulina carotenes in preschool children. by V. Annapurna, et al. 1991. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India. J. Clin. Biochem Nutrition. 10 145-151. India.

5. Large scale nutritional supplementation with spirulina alga. by C.V. Seshadri. 1993. All India Coordinated Project on Spirulina. Shri Amm Murugappa Chettiar Research Center (MCRC) Madras, India.

6. Prevention of experimental oral cancer by extracts of spirulina-dunaliella algae. by J. Schwartz, G. Shklar, et al. 1988. Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Pub. in Nutrition and Cancer, 11, 127-134. 1988. USA.

7. Clinical and biochemical evaluations of spirulina with regard to its application in the treatment of obesity. by E.W. Becker, et al. 1986. Inst. Chem. Pfanz. Pub. in Nutrition Reports Int'l, Vol. 33, No. 4, pg 565. Germany.

8. Effects of spirulina on hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver in rats. by T. Kato and K. Takemoto. 1984. Saitama Medical College. Pub. in Japan Nutr. Foods Assoc. Journal. 37:323. Japan.

9. Dagnelie PC, van Staveren WA, van den Berg H. (1991): Vitamin B-12 from algae appears not to be bioavailable. Am J Clin Nutr, 53:695"“97.

10. Qureshi M.A., Kidd M.T., and Ali R.A., Journal of Nutritional Immunology V.3(4) 1995, pages 35-45. Spirulina platensis Extract Enhances Chicken Macrophage Functions After in vitro Exposure.

11. Dillon JC, Phuc AP, Dubacq JP. (1995): Nutritional value of the alga Spirulina. World Rev Nutr Diet, 77:32"“46.

12. Gonzalez de Rivera C, Miranda-Zamora? R, Diaz-Zagoya? JC, et al. (1993): Preventive effect of Spirulina maxima on the fatty liver induced by a fructose-rich diet in the rat, a preliminary report. Life Sci, 53:57"“6

13. Inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an aqueous extract of spirulina. by Ayehunie, Belay et al. 7th IAAA Conf., Knysna, South Africa. 1996. USA.

14. Calcium Spirulan, an inhibitor of enveloped virus replication, from a blue-green alga Spirulina. by Hayashi et al. 1996. Pub. in Journal of Natural Products, 59, 83-87. Japan.

15. Antiviral activity of blue-green algae cultures. by Patterson. Pub. in Journal of Phycology 29, 125-130. USA.

16. AIDS Antiviral sulfolipids from cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). by K. Gustafson, et al. 1989. Pub. in Journal of the National Cancer Institute, August 16, 1989, pg 1254. USA.

17. Evaluation of chemoprevention of oral cancer with spirulina. by Babu, M. et al. 1995. Pub. in Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 24, No. 2, 197-202. India.

18. Inhibitive effect and mechanism of polysaccharide of spirulina on transplanted tumor cells in mice. by Lisheng, et al. 1991. Pub. in Marine Sciences, Qingdao, N.5. pp 33-38. China.

19. Enhancement of endonuclease activity and repair DNA synthesis by polysaccharide of spirulina. by Qishen, P. et al. 1988. Pub. in Chinese Genetics Journal, 15 (5) 374-381. China.

20. Inhibition of experimental oral carcinogenesis by topical beta carotene. by Schwartz, et al. 1986. Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Pub. in Carcinogenesis, May 1986 7(5) 711-715. USA.

21. Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Kojima I. (1996): A natural sulfated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan, isolated from Spirulina platensis: in vitro and ex vivo evaluation of anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-human immunodeficiency virus activities. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses, 12:1463"“71.

22. Inhibition of experimental oral carcinogenesis by topical beta carotene. by Schwartz, et al. 1986. Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Pub. in Carcinogenesis, May 1986 7(5) 711-715. USA.

23. Hayashi O, Katoh T, Okuwaki Y. (1994): Enhancement of antibody production in mice by dietary Spirulina platensis. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo), 40:431"“41.

24. Hongyan Wu, Kunshan Gao, Virginia E. Villafañe, Teruo Watanabe, E. Walter Helbling (2005): Effects of Solar UV Radiation on Morphology and Photosynthesis of Filamentous Cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71(9): 5004-5013.

25. Iwata K, Inayama T, Kato T. (1990): Effects of Spirulina platensis on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in fructose-induced hyperlipidemic rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo), 36:165"“71.

26. Johnson PE, Shubert LE. (1986): Accumulation of mercury and other elements by spirulina (cyanophyceae). Nutr Rep Intl, 34(6):1063"“71.

27. Kapoor R, Mehta U. (1993): Effect of supplementation of blue green alga (Spirulina) on outcome of pregnancy in rats. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1993; 43:29"“35.

28. Kebede Elizabeth (1996): Phytoplankton in a Salinity-Alkalinity? Series of Lakes in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. Uppsala University (Sweden), 178 pp.

29. Kim HM, Lee EH, Cho HH, et al. (1998): Inhibitory effect of mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions in rats by spirulina. Biochem Pharmacol, 55:1071"“76.

30. Mathew B, Sankaranarayanan R, Nair PP, et al. (1995): Evaluation of chemoprevention of oral cancer with Spirulina fusiformis. Nutr Cancer, 24:197"“202.

31. Mishima T, Murata J, Toyoshima M, et al. (1998): Inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis by calcium spirulan (Ca-SP), a novel sulfated polysaccharide derived from a blue-green alga, Spirulina platensis. Clin Exp Metastasis, 16:541"“50.

32. Nakashima MJ, Angold S, Beavin BB, et al. (1989): Extraction of light filth from Spirulina powders and tablets: collaborative study. J Assoc Off Anal Chem, 72:451"“53.

33. Nakaya N, Homma Y, Goto Y. (1988): Cholesterol lowering effect of Spirulina. Nutr Rep Intl 1988; 37:1329"“37.

34. Microalga Spirulina. by Robert Henrikson. 1993. Pub. by Ediciones Urano, Barcelona Spain (in Spanish). Oikos Pharmaceuticals, C/ San Pedro, 29640 Fuengirola, Málaga, Costa del Sol, España.

35. Orio Ciferri (1983): Spirulina, the edible organism. Microbiological Reviews, 47(4): 551"“578.

36. Schwartz J, Shklar G, Reid S, Trickler D. (1988): Prevention of experimental oral cancer by extracts of Spirulina-Dunaliella? algae. Nutr Cancer, 11:127"“34.

37. Susan M. Aubrey (2006): Spirulina: Answer for the hungry. Family Health News, www.familyhealthnews.com/articles-spirulina.html

38. Yang HN, Lee EH, Kim HM. (1997): Spirulina inhibits anaphylactic reaction. Life Sci, 61:1237"“44.

39. Hayashi K., et al, Phytotherapy Research, Vol. 7, 76-80 (1993). An Extract from Spirulina platensis is a Selective Inhibitor of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Penetration into HeLa Cells.

40. Remirez, D., R. Gonzalez, N. Merino, et al. "Inhibitory Effects of Spirulina in Zymosan-Induced Arthritis in Mice." Mediators of Inflammation 11 (April 2002): 75-79.

41. Remirez, D., N. Ledon, and R. Gonzalez. "Role of Histamine in the Inhibitory Effects of Phycocyanin in Experimental Models of Allergic Inflammatory Response." Mediators of Inflammation 11 (April 2002): 81-85.

42. Tonnina, D., et al. "Integral Toxicity Test of Sea Waters by an Algal Biosensor." Annali di Chimica (Rome) 92 (April 2002): 477-484.

43. Varga, L., J. Szigeti, R. Kovacs, et al. "Influence of a Spirulina platensis Biomass on the Microflora of Fermented ABT Milks During Storage (R1)." Journal of Dairy Science 85 (May 2002): 1031-1038.

44. EarthNet. EarthNet Scientific Health Library. http://www.spirulina.com/SPLAbstracts1.html (2000). Earthrise. Spirulina Library Abstracts and Summaries.

45. http://www.earthrise.com/ERLibAbstracts2.html (2000). Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic: Blue-green algae. http://www.mayohealth.org/mayo/askdiet/htm/new/qd970618.htm (1997).

46. Chen LL et al. [Experimental study of spirulina platensis in treating allergic rhinitis in rats]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2005 Feb;30(1):96-8.

47. Radioprotective effect of extract from spirulina in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test. by P. Qishen, Kolman et al. 1989. In Toxicology Letters 48: 165-169. China.

48. Enhancement of endonuclease activity and repair DNA synthesis by polysaccharide of spirulina. by Qishen, P. et al. 1988. Pub. in Chinese Genetics Journal, 15 (5) 374-381. China.

49. Means to normalize the levels of immunoglobulin E, using the food supplement Spirulina. by L. Evets, et al. 1994. Grodenski State Medical Univ. Russian Federation Committee of Patents and Trade. Patent (19)RU (11)2005486. Jan. 15, 1994. Russia.

50. Radioprotective effect of extract from spirulina in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test. by P. Qishen, Kolman et al. 1989. In Toxicology Letters 48: 165-169. China.

51. Spirulina- natural sorbent of radionucleides. by L.P. Loseva and I.V. Dardynskaya. Sep 1993. Research Institute of Radiation Medicine, Minsk, Belarus. 6th Int'l Congress of Applied Algology, Czech Republic. Belarus.

52. Observations on the utilization of spirulina as an adjuvant nutritive factor in treating some diseases accompanied by a nutritional deficiency. by V. Fica, et al. 1984. Clinica II Medicala, Spitalui Clinic, Bucuresti. Med. Interna 36 (3). Romania. (In Romanian).

53. Means to normalize the levels of immunoglobulin E, using the food supplement Spirulina. by L. Evets, et al. 1994. Grodenski State Medical Univ. Russian Federation Committee of Patents and Trade. Patent (19)RU (11)2005486. Jan. 15, 1994. Russia.

54. Cingi C et al. The effects of spirulina on allergic rhinitis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2008 Oct;265(10):1219-23. Epub 2008 Mar 15.

55. Mao TK et al. Effects of a Spirulina-based dietary supplement on cytokine production from allergic rhinitis patients. J Med Food. 2005 Spring;8(1):27-30.

56. Mathew B, Sankaranarayanan R, Nair PP, et al. Nutr Cancer. 1995; 24(2):197-202.

57. Large scale nutritional supplementation with spirulina alga. by C.V. Seshadri. 1993. All India Coordinated Project on Spirulina. Shri Amm Murugappa Chettiar Research Center (MCRC) Madras, India.

58. Marles RJ et al. United States pharmacopeia safety evaluation of spirulina. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2011 Aug;51(7):593-604.

59. Kapoor R, Mehta U. 34_ 1993 Jul;44(1):2934. Iron status and growth of rats fed different dietary iron sources.

60. Ayehunie S., Belay A., Hu Y., Baba T., Ruprecht R., 7th IAAA Conference, Knysna, South Africa April 17, 1996. Inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an aqueous extract of Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira platensis).

61. Baojiang G., et al, Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Algal Biotechnology, April 25-27, 1994, p. 24. Study on Effect and Mechanism of Polysaccharides of Spirulina platensis on Body Immune Functions Improvement.

62. Babu.,M., et al, Nutrition and Cancer 1995, V. 24, No. 2, p.197-202. Evaluation of Chemoprevention of Oral Cancer with Spirulina fusiformis.

63. Belay A., Ota Y., Miyakawa K., Shimamatsu H., Journal of Applied Phycology 5:235-241, 1993. Current Knowledge on Potential Health Benefits of Spirulina.

64. Carmichael, et al Scientific American January 1995. "The Toxins of Cyanobacteria."

65. Evets L.B. et al Grodenski State Medical University, January 15, 1994 Russian Federation Committee of Patents and Trade, Patent Number: (19) RU (11) 2005486 C1 (51) 5 A 61K35/80. Means to Normalize the levels of Immunoglobulin E Using the Food Supplement Spirulina.

66. Fukino H., Takagi Y., Yamane Y., Eisei Kagaku 36: 5.,1990. Effect of Spirulina Platensis on the renal toxicity induced by inorganic mercury and cisplatin.

67. Hayashi O., et al, Journal of Nutritional Sciences and Vitaminology, 40, 431-441, 1994. Enhancement of Antibody Production in Mice by Dietary Spirulina platensis.

68. Hypocholesterolemic effect of blue-green algae spirulina spirulina in albino rats. by M.A. Devi and L.V. Venkataraman. 1983. Pub. in Nutrition Reports Int'l, 28:519-530. India.

69. The effect of spirulina on reduction of serum cholesterol. by N. Nayaka, et al. 1986. Tokai Univ. Pub. in Progress in Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 11. Japan.

70. Effect of water soluble and water insoluble fractions of spirulina over serum lipids and glucose resistance of rats. by Y. Takai, et al. 1991. Pub. in J. Japan Soc. Nutr. Food Science, 44:273-277. Japan.

71. Effects of spirulina on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in rats. by K. Iwata, et al. 1990. Pub. .in Journal Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol, 36:165-171. Japan.

72. Current knowledge on potential health benefits of spirulina. by Amha Belay and Yoshimichi Ota. 1993. Pub. in Journal of Appl. Phycology, 5:235-241. USA.

73. Health Benefits of Spirulina. by Denise Fox. 1993. In Spirulina, Algae of Life. April 1993. Bulletin No. 12. Pub. by Institute Oceanographique, Monaco.

74. Microalgae as Food and Supplement by Robert A. Kay. 1991. In Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutr. 30(6):555-573. Pub. by CRC Press. USA.

75. Spirulina: a model for microalgae as human food. by Alan Jassby. 1988. In Algae and Human Affairs. edited by Lembi and Waaland. Pub. by Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK.

76. Spirulina, the edible organism. by Orio Ciferri. 1983. In Microbiological Reviews.Dec 1983. 551-578. Italy.

77. Kolman A., et al Toxicology Letters, 48 (1989) 165-169 Elsevier. Radioprotective effect of extract from Spirulina platensis in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test.

78. Lisheng L., et al, Marine Sciences, Qindao China, N. 5, 1991, p. 33-38. Inhibitive Effective and Mechanism of Polysaccharide of Spirulina platensis on Transplanted Tumor Cells in Mice.

79. Pang Qishen et al, Acta Genetica Sinica (Chinese Journal of Genetics), V.15(5) p. 374-381, 1988. Enhancement of Endonuclease Activity and repair DNA Synthesis by Polysaccharide of Spirulina platensis.

80. Qureshi M.A., Garlich J.D., Kidd M.T., Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 1996 (submitted), "Dietary Spirulina platensis Enhances Humoral and Cell-mediated Immune Functions In Chickens".

81. Zhang C., et al, 1994 Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Alga Biotechnology, April 25-27, p.58. The Effects of Polysaccharide and Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis variety on Peripheral blood and Hematopoietic system of Bone Marrow in Mice.

82. Vonshak, A. (ed.). Spirulina platensis (Arthrospira): Physiology, Cell-biology and Biotechnology. London: Taylor & Francis, 1997.

83. Spirulina. A Good Health Guide. by Jack Joseph Challem. 1981. Pub. by Keats Publishing, New Canaan, CT. USA.

84. Ciferri O (December 1983). "Spirulina, the edible microorganism". Microbiol. Rev. 47 (4): 551"“78. PMC 283708. PMID 6420655.

85. Habib, M. Ahsan B.; Parvin, Mashuda; Huntington, Tim C.; Hasan, Mohammad R. (2008). "A Review on Culture, Production and Use of Spirulina as Food dor Humans and Feeds for Domestic Animals and Fish". Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Retrieved November 20, 2011.

86. Effects of polysaccharide and phycocyanin from spirulina on peripheral blood and hematopoietic system of bone marrow in mice. by Zhang Cheng-Wu, et al.. April 1994. Nanjing Univ. China. Pub. in Proc. of Second Asia Pacific Conf. on Algal Biotech. Univ. of Malaysia. p.58. China.

87. Enhancement of antibody production in mice by dietary spirulina. by Hayashi, et al. June 1994. Kagawa Nutrition Univ. Japan. Pub. in Journal of Nutr. Science and Vitaminology. Japan.

88. Immune enhancement potential of spirulina in chickens. by M. Quereshi, et al. August 1994. Poultry Science Assoc. Dept. of Poultry Science, North Carolina State, NC. Pub. in Journal of Poultry Science Vol 73, S.1. p. 46. USA.

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138. Mir Misbahuddin, AZM Maidul Islam, Salamat Khandker, Ifthaker-Al-Mahmud, Nazrul Islam and Anjumanara. Efficacy of spirulina extract plus zinc in patients of chronic arsenic poisoning: a randomized placebo-controlled study. (Risk factors ). Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology. 44.2 (March 2006): p135(7).

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Beetroot

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Carrot

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Red Raspberry

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Milk Thistle Seed

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Cardamom

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2. Souissi M, Axelmat J, Kamel C, Antibacterial and Ant-iinflammatory activities of Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) extracts: potential therapeutic benefits for peridontal infections. Anaerobe 2020 Vol 61

3. S.T. Auti, Y.A. Kulkarni. Neuroprotective effect of cardamom oil against aluminum induced neurotoxicity in rats Frontiers in Neurology, 10 (2019), p. 399

4. A.A. Gomaa, R.M. Makboul, M.A. El-Mokhtar, E.A. Abdel-Rahman, I.A. Ahmed, M.A. Nicola. Terpenoid-rich Elettaria cardamomum extract prevents Alzheimer-like alterations induced in diabetic rats via inhibition of GSK3β activity, oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokine, 113 (2019), pp. 405-416

5. S.S. Husain, M. Ali. Analysis of volatile oil of the fruits of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton and its antimicrobial activity. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3 (2) (2014), pp. 1798-1808

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8. H. Okugawa, M. Moriyasu, S. Matsushita, K. Saiki, Y. Hashimoto, K. Matsumoto, A. Kato. Evaluation of crude drugs by a combination of enfleurage and chromatography-4-on flavor components in seeds of Amomum cardamomum and Elettaria cardamomum. Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 42 (1) (1988), pp. 94-97

9. K.P.A. Padmakumari Amma, P.N. Venugopalan Nair, I. Sasidharan, M. Priya Rani. Chemical composition, flavonoid-phenolic contents and radical scavenging activity of four major varieties of cardamom. International Journal of Biological & Medical Research, 3 (2010), pp. 20-24

10. S. Sengottuvelu. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Linn. Maton) seeds in health. Nuts and seeds in health and disease prevention, Academic Press (2011), pp. 285-291

11. Muthusamy M, Dhanya M.K, Warkentin T.D, Botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of cardamom [Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton] – A critical review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 246, 10 January 2020

12. Masoumi-Ardakani Y, Mahmoudvand H, Amin M, Esmaeilpour K, Ghazvini H, Khalifeh S, Seperhri G. The effect of Elettaria cardamomum extract on anxiety-like behavior in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. Volume 87, March 2017, Pages 489-495

13. Makboul RM, El-Mokhtar Mohamed A., Abdel-Rahman E.a., Ahmed Israa A., Nicola MA.. Terpenoid-rich Elettaria cardamomum extract prevents Alzheimer-like alterations induced in diabetic rats via inhibition of GSK3ß activity, oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokine Vol 113, Jan 2019, 405-416

14. Malti JE, Mountassif D, Amarouch H. Antimicrobial activity of Elettaria cardamomum: Toxicity, biochemical and histological studies. Food Chemistry Vol 104, 4 2007 1560-1568

15. Jamal A, Kalim J, Aslam M, Jafri M.A. Gastroprotective effect of cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum fruits in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Vol 103, 2, Jan 2006, 149-153

16. Elguindy NM, Galila Y.A, El Azab EF, Maghraby HK. Chemoprotective Effect of Elettaria Cardamomum against Chemically induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Rats by inhibiting NF-kB, Oxidative Stress, and Activity of Ornithine Decarboxylase. South African Journal of Botany, Vol 105, Jul 2016, 251-258

17. Zahedi SG, Qorbani M, Esfahani-Nasli E, Aghasi M, Khoshamal H, Keshavarz A, Sotoudeh G. The effects of Elettaria cardamom supplementation on inflammatory markers and vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A mechanism-based randomized clinical trial. Journal of Herbal Medicine. Vol 25, Feb 2021.

18. Anwaruul HG, Jabeen Q, Khan Au, Abdul JS. Gutmodulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Vol 115, 3. 2008. 4663-472

19. Bouzabata A, Mahomoodally MF. A quantitative documentation of traditionally-used medicinal plants from Northeastern Algeria: Interactions of beliefs among healers and diabetic patients. Journal of Herbal Medicine, vol 22, Aug 2020. Bhide, Monica.

20. Bhattacharjee S, et al. Inhibition of Lipid Peroxidation and Enhancement of GST Activity by Cardamom and Cinnamom during Chemically induced Colon Carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. Asia Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 2007, Vol 8. 4. 578-582.

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Acai Berry

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  44. Ribeiro JC, Antunes LM, Aissa AF, et al. Evaluation of the genotoxic and antigenotoxic effects after acute and subacute treatments with acai pulp (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) on mice using the erythrocytes micronucleus test and the comet assay. Mutat Res.2010 Jan;695(1):22-8.

  45. Stoclet JC, Chataigneau T, Ndjaye M, et al. Vascular protection by dietary polyphenols. Eur J Pharmacol. 2004 Oct;500(1):299-313.

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Cordyceps

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Lion’s Mane

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Acerola Cherry

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Rosehip

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45. Angeloni C, Leoncini E, Malaguti M, et al. Modulation of phase II enzymes by sulforaphane: implications for its cardioprotective potential. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Jun 24;57(12):5615-22. 2009.
46. Banerjee S, Wang Z, Kong D, et al. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane enhances chemosensitivity of multiple chemotherapeutic agents in pancreatic cancer. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane enhances chemosensitivity of multiple chemotherapeutic agents in pancreatic cancer. 2009.
47. Bhattacharya A, Tang L, Li Y, et al. Inhibition of bladder cancer development by allyl isothiocyanate. Carcinogenesis. 2010 Feb;31(2):281-6. 2010.
48. Bryant CS, Kumar S, Chamala S, et al. Sulforaphane induces cell cycle arrest by protecting RB-E2F-1 complex in epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Molecular Cancer 2010, 9:47. 2010.
49. Carpenter CL, Yu MC, and London SJ. Dietary isothiocyanates, glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), and lung cancer risk in African Americans and Caucasians from Los Angeles County, California. Nutr Cancer. 2009;61(4):492-9. 2009.
50. Christopher B, Sanjeez K, Sreedhar C, et al. Sulforaphane induces cell cycle arrest by protecting RB-E2F-1 complex in epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Molecular Cancer Year: 2010 Vol: 9 Issue: 1 Pages/record No.: 47. 2010.
51. Chuanphongpanich S, Phanichphant S, Bhuddasukh D et al. Bioactive glucosinolates and antioxidant properties of broccoli seeds cultivated in Thailand. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology Year: 2006 Vol: 28 Issue: Suppl.1 Pages/record No.: 55-61. 2006.
52. Clarke JD, Dashwood RH, Ho E. Multi-targeted prevention of cancer by sulforaphane. Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8;269(2):291-304. 2008.
53. Cornelis MC, El-Sohemy A, Campos H. GSTT1 genotype modifies the association between cruciferous vegetable intake and the risk of myocardial infarction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):752-8. 2007.
54. Higdon JV, Delage B, Williams DE, et al. Cruciferous Vegetables and Human Cancer Risk: Epidemiologic Evidence and Mechanistic Basis. Pharmacol Res. 2007 March; 55(3): 224-236. 2007.
55. Ho E, Clarke JD, Dashwood RH. Dietary sulforaphane, a histone deacetylase inhibitor for cancer prevention. J Nutr. 2009 Dec;139(12):2393-6. 2009.

56. Hofmann T, Kuhnert A, Schubert A et al. Modulation of detoxification enzymes by watercress: in vitro and in vivo investigations in human peripheral blood cells. Eur J Nutr. 2009 Dec;48(8):483-91. 2009.
57. Hu J, Straub J, Xiao D, et al. Phenethyl isothiocyanate, a cancer chemopreventive constituent of cruciferous vegetables, inhibits cap-dependent translation by regulating the level and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Cancer Res. 2007 Apr 15;67(8):3569-73. 2007.
58. Hutzen B, Willis W, Jones S, et al. Dietary agent, benzyl isothiocyanate inhibits signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation and collaborates with sulforaphane in the growth suppression of PANC-1 cancer cells. Cancer Cell International 2009, 9:24. 2009.
59. Jiang H, Shang X, Wu H, et al. Combination treatment with resveratrol and sulforaphane induces apoptosis in human U251 glioma cells. Neurochem Res. 2010 Jan;35(1):152-61. 2010.
60. Kahlon TS, Chiu MC, and Chapman MH. Steam cooking significantly improves in vitro bile acid binding of collard greens, kale, mustard greens, broccoli, green bell pepper, and cabbage. Nutr Res. 2008 Jun;28(6):351-7. 2008.
61. Konsue N, Ioannides C. Modulation of carcinogen-metabolising cytochromes P450 in human liver by the chemopreventive phytochemical phenethyl isothiocyanate, a constituent of cruciferous vegetables. Toxicology. 2010 Feb 9;268(3):184-90. 2010.
62. Kunimasa K, Kobayashi T, Kaji K et al. Antiangiogenic effects of indole-3-carbinol and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are associated with their differential regulation of ERK1/2 and Akt in tube-forming HUVEC. J Nutr. 2010 Jan;140(1):1-6. 2010.
63. Lakhan SE, Kirchgessner A, Hofer M. Inflammatory mechanisms in ischemic stroke: therapeutic approaches. Journal of Translational Medicine 2009, 7:97. 2009.
64. Larsson SC, Andersson SO, Johansson JE, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of bladder cancer: a prospective cohort study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Sep;17(9):2519-22. 2008.
65. Li F, Hullar MAJ, Schwarz Y, et al. Human Gut Bacterial Communities Are Altered by Addition of Cruciferous Vegetables to a Controlled Fruit- and Vegetable-Free Diet. Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 139, No. 9, 1685-1691, September 2009. 2009.
66. Lin J, Kamat A, Gu J, et al. Dietary intake of vegetables and fruits and the modification effects of GSTM1 and NAT2 genotypes on bladder cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Jul;18(7):2090-7. 2009.
67. Machijima Y, Ishikawa C, Sawada S, et al. Anti-adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma effects of indole-3-carbinol. Retrovirology 2009, 6:7. 2009.
68. Nakamura Y, Yogosawa S, Izutani Y et al. A combination of indol-3-carbinol and genistein synergistically induces apoptosis in human colon cancer HT-29 cells by inhibiting Akt phosphorylation and progression of autophagy. Mol Cancer. 2009 Nov 12;8:100. 2009.
69. Navarro SL, Chang JL, Peterson S et al. Modulation of human serum glutathione S-transferase A1/2 concentration by cruciferous vegetables in a controlled feeding study is influenced by GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Nov;18(11):2974-8. 2009.
70. Nettleton JA, Steffen LM, Mayer-Davis EJ, et al. Dietary patterns are associated with biochemical markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun;83(6):1369-79. 2006.
71. Pellegrini N, Chiavaro E, Gardana C et al. Effect of Different Cooking Methods on Color, Phytochemical Concentration, and Antioxidant Capacity of Raw and Frozen Brassica Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, 58 (7), pp 4310-4321. 2010.
72. Prawan A, Saw CL, Khor TO, et al. Anti-NF-kappaB and anti-inflammatory activities of synthetic isothiocyanates: effect of chemical structures and cellular signaling. Chem Biol Interact. 2009 May 15;179(2-3):202-11. 2009.
73. Rungapamestry V, Duncan AJ, Fuller Z et al. Effect of cooking brassica vegetables on the subsequent hydrolysis and metabolic fate of glucosinolates. Proc Nutr Soc. 2007 Feb;66(1):69-81. 2007.
74. Silberstein JL, Parsons JK. Evidence-based principles of bladder cancer and diet. Urology. 2010 Feb;75(2):340-6. 2010.
75. Steinbrecher A, Linseisen J. Dietary Intake of Individual Glucosinolates in Participants of the EPIC-Heidelberg Cohort Study. Ann Nutr Metab 2009;54:87-96. 2009.
76. Tang L, Zirpoli GR, Guru K et al. Consumption of Raw Cruciferous Vegetables is Inversely Associated with Bladder Cancer Risk. Cancer Res. 2007 Apr 15;67(8):3569-73. 2007.
77. Taraseviien Z, Danilenko E, Jarien E et al. Changes in Some Chemical Components During Germination of Broccoli Seeds. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca Year: 2009 Vol: 37 Issue: 2 Pages/record No.: 173-176. 2009.
78. Tarozzi A, Morroni F, Merlicco A, et al. Sulforaphane as an inducer of glutathione prevents oxidative stress-induced cell death in a dopaminergic-like neuroblastoma cell line. J Neurochem. 2009 Dec;111(5):1161-71. 2009.
79. Thompson CA, Habermann TM, Wang AH, et al. Antioxidant intake from fruits, vegetables and other sources and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: the Iowa Women's Health Study. Int J Cancer. 2010 Feb 15;126(4):992-1003. 2010.
80. Traka M, Gasper AV, Melchini A et al. Broccoli consumption interacts with GSTM1 to perturb oncogenic signalling pathways in the prostate. PLoS One. 2008 Jul 2;3(7):e2568. 2008.
81. Vasanthi HR, Mukherjee S and Das DK. Potential health benefits of broccoli- a chemico-biological overview. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2009 Jun;9(6):749-59. 2009.
82. Vivar OI, Saunier EF, Leitman DC et al. Selective activation of estrogen receptor-{beta} target genes by 3,3'-diindolylmethane. Endocrinology. 2010 Apr;151(4):1662-7. 2010.
83. Yanaka A, Fahey JW, Fukumoto A et al. Dietary sulforaphane-rich broccoli sprouts reduce colonization and attenuate gastritis in Helicobacter pylori-infected mice and humans. Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa). 2009 Apr;2(4):353-60. 2009.
84. Yang G, Gao YT, Shu XO et al. Isothiocyanate exposure, glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms, and colorectal cancer risk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Mar;91(3):704-11. 2010.
85. Zhang Y. Allyl isothiocyanate as a cancer chemopreventive phytochemical. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2010 Jan;54(1):127-35. 2010.
86. Zhu H, Jia Z, Zhou K et al. Cruciferous dithiolethione-mediated coordinated induction of total cellular and mitochondrial antioxidants and phase 2 enzymes in human primary cardiomyocytes: cytoprotection against oxidative/electr. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2009 Apr;234(4):418-29. 2009.

Broccoli Sprouts

broc sprouts.png

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49. Banerjee S, Wang Z, Kong D, et al. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane enhances chemosensitivity of multiple chemotherapeutic agents in pancreatic cancer. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane enhances chemosensitivity of multiple chemotherapeutic agents in pancreatic cancer. 2009.
50. Bhattacharya A, Tang L, Li Y, et al. Inhibition of bladder cancer development by allyl isothiocyanate. Carcinogenesis. 2010 Feb;31(2):281-6. 2010.
51. Bryant CS, Kumar S, Chamala S, et al. Sulforaphane induces cell cycle arrest by protecting RB-E2F-1 complex in epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Molecular Cancer 2010, 9:47. 2010.
52. Carpenter CL, Yu MC, and London SJ. Dietary isothiocyanates, glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), and lung cancer risk in African Americans and Caucasians from Los Angeles County, California. Nutr Cancer. 2009;61(4):492-9. 2009.
53. Christopher B, Sanjeez K, Sreedhar C, et al. Sulforaphane induces cell cycle arrest by protecting RB-E2F-1 complex in epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Molecular Cancer Year: 2010 Vol: 9 Issue: 1 Pages/record No.: 47. 2010.
54. Chuanphongpanich S, Phanichphant S, Bhuddasukh D et al. Bioactive glucosinolates and antioxidant properties of broccoli seeds cultivated in Thailand. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology Year: 2006 Vol: 28 Issue: Suppl.1 Pages/record No.: 55-61. 2006.
55. Clarke JD, Dashwood RH, Ho E. Multi-targeted prevention of cancer by sulforaphane. Cancer Lett. 2008 Oct 8;269(2):291-304. 2008.
56. Cornelis MC, El-Sohemy A, Campos H. GSTT1 genotype modifies the association between cruciferous vegetable intake and the risk of myocardial infarction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):752-8. 2007.
57. Higdon JV, Delage B, Williams DE, et al. Cruciferous Vegetables and Human Cancer Risk: Epidemiologic Evidence and Mechanistic Basis. Pharmacol Res. 2007 March; 55(3): 224-236. 2007.
58. Ho E, Clarke JD, Dashwood RH. Dietary sulforaphane, a histone deacetylase inhibitor for cancer prevention. J Nutr. 2009 Dec;139(12):2393-6. 2009.
59. Hofmann T, Kuhnert A, Schubert A et al. Modulation of detoxification enzymes by watercress: in vitro and in vivo investigations in human peripheral blood cells. Eur J Nutr. 2009 Dec;48(8):483-91. 2009.
60. Hu J, Straub J, Xiao D, et al. Phenethyl isothiocyanate, a cancer chemopreventive constituent of cruciferous vegetables, inhibits cap-dependent translation by regulating the level and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1. Cancer Res. 2007 Apr 15;67(8):3569-73. 2007.
61. Hutzen B, Willis W, Jones S, et al. Dietary agent, benzyl isothiocyanate inhibits signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation and collaborates with sulforaphane in the growth suppression of PANC-1 cancer cells. Cancer Cell International 2009, 9:24. 2009.
62. Jiang H, Shang X, Wu H, et al. Combination treatment with resveratrol and sulforaphane induces apoptosis in human U251 glioma cells. Neurochem Res. 2010 Jan;35(1):152-61. 2010.
63. Kahlon TS, Chiu MC, and Chapman MH. Steam cooking significantly improves in vitro bile acid binding of collard greens, kale, mustard greens, broccoli, green bell pepper, and cabbage. Nutr Res. 2008 Jun;28(6):351-7. 2008.
64. Konsue N, Ioannides C. Modulation of carcinogen-metabolising cytochromes P450 in human liver by the chemopreventive phytochemical phenethyl isothiocyanate, a constituent of cruciferous vegetables. Toxicology. 2010 Feb 9;268(3):184-90. 2010.
65. Kunimasa K, Kobayashi T, Kaji K et al. Antiangiogenic effects of indole-3-carbinol and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are associated with their differential regulation of ERK1/2 and Akt in tube-forming HUVEC. J Nutr. 2010 Jan;140(1):1-6. 2010.
66. Lakhan SE, Kirchgessner A, Hofer M. Inflammatory mechanisms in ischemic stroke: therapeutic approaches. Journal of Translational Medicine 2009, 7:97. 2009.
67. Larsson SC, Andersson SO, Johansson JE, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of bladder cancer: a prospective cohort study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Sep;17(9):2519-22. 2008.
68. Li F, Hullar MAJ, Schwarz Y, et al. Human Gut Bacterial Communities Are Altered by Addition of Cruciferous Vegetables to a Controlled Fruit- and Vegetable-Free Diet. Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 139, No. 9, 1685-1691, September 2009. 2009.
69. Lin J, Kamat A, Gu J, et al. Dietary intake of vegetables and fruits and the modification effects of GSTM1 and NAT2 genotypes on bladder cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Jul;18(7):2090-7. 2009.
70. Machijima Y, Ishikawa C, Sawada S, et al. Anti-adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma effects of indole-3-carbinol. Retrovirology 2009, 6:7. 2009.
71. Nakamura Y, Yogosawa S, Izutani Y et al. A combination of indol-3-carbinol and genistein synergistically induces apoptosis in human colon cancer HT-29 cells by inhibiting Akt phosphorylation and progression of autophagy. Mol Cancer. 2009 Nov 12;8:100. 2009.
72. Navarro SL, Chang JL, Peterson S et al. Modulation of human serum glutathione S-transferase A1/2 concentration by cruciferous vegetables in a controlled feeding study is influenced by GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Nov;18(11):2974-8. 2009.
73. Nettleton JA, Steffen LM, Mayer-Davis EJ, et al. Dietary patterns are associated with biochemical markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun;83(6):1369-79. 2006.
74. Pellegrini N, Chiavaro E, Gardana C et al. Effect of Different Cooking Methods on Color, Phytochemical Concentration, and Antioxidant Capacity of Raw and Frozen Brassica Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, 58 (7), pp 4310-4321. 2010.
75. Prawan A, Saw CL, Khor TO, et al. Anti-NF-kappaB and anti-inflammatory activities of synthetic isothiocyanates: effect of chemical structures and cellular signaling. Chem Biol Interact. 2009 May 15;179(2-3):202-11. 2009.
76. Rungapamestry V, Duncan AJ, Fuller Z et al. Effect of cooking brassica vegetables on the subsequent hydrolysis and metabolic fate of glucosinolates. Proc Nutr Soc. 2007 Feb;66(1):69-81. 2007.
77. Silberstein JL, Parsons JK. Evidence-based principles of bladder cancer and diet. Urology. 2010 Feb;75(2):340-6. 2010.
78. Steinbrecher A, Linseisen J. Dietary Intake of Individual Glucosinolates in Participants of the EPIC-Heidelberg Cohort Study. Ann Nutr Metab 2009;54:87-96. 2009.
79. Tang L, Zirpoli GR, Guru K et al. Consumption of Raw Cruciferous Vegetables is Inversely Associated with Bladder Cancer Risk. Cancer Res. 2007 Apr 15;67(8):3569-73. 2007.
80. Taraseviien Z, Danilenko E, Jarien E et al. Changes in Some Chemical Components During Germination of Broccoli Seeds. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca Year: 2009 Vol: 37 Issue: 2 Pages/record No.: 173-176. 2009.
81. Tarozzi A, Morroni F, Merlicco A, et al. Sulforaphane as an inducer of glutathione prevents oxidative stress-induced cell death in a dopaminergic-like neuroblastoma cell line. J Neurochem. 2009 Dec;111(5):1161-71. 2009.
82. Thompson CA, Habermann TM, Wang AH, et al. Antioxidant intake from fruits, vegetables and other sources and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: the Iowa Women's Health Study. Int J Cancer. 2010 Feb 15;126(4):992-1003. 2010.
83. Traka M, Gasper AV, Melchini A et al. Broccoli consumption interacts with GSTM1 to perturb oncogenic signalling pathways in the prostate. PLoS One. 2008 Jul 2;3(7):e2568. 2008.
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Lingonberry

1.Oana-Crina Buior, Christian Ginies, Valentin I. Popa, Claire Dufour, et al. Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant activity of Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitus-idaea L.) leaf, stem and fruit at different harvest periods. Food Chemistry. 2018; 252:356-365

2. Törrönen R, Kolehmainen M, Sarkkinen E, Poutanen K, Mykkänen H, Niskanen L. Berries reduce postprandial insulin responses to wheat and rye breads in healthy women. J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):430-6. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.169771. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

3.Törrönen R, Kolehmainen M, Sarkkinen E, Mykkänen H, Niskanen L. Postprandial glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid responses to sucrose consumed with blackcurrants and lingonberries in healthy women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Sep;96(3):527-33. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.042184. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

4. Riitta Törrönen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Essi Sarkkinen, Hannu Mykkänen, Leo Niskanen, Postprandial glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid responses to sucrose consumed with blackcurrants and lingonberries in healthy women, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 96, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 527–533, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.042184

5. Quek R, Henry CJ. Influence of polyphenols from lingonberry, cranberry, and red grape on in vitro digestibility of rice. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015;66(4):378-82. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2015.1042849. Epub 2015 May 26. PMID: 26008717.

6. Chiok M, Satora P, Skotniczny M, Semik-Szczurak D, et al. Charactarisation of Antimicrobial Properties of Extracts of Selected Medicinal Plants. Polish Journal of Microbiology. 2017; Dec. 66(4): 463-472

7.Fu Z, Liska D, Talan D, Chung M. Cranberry Reduces the Risk of Urinary Tract Infection Recurrence in Otherwise Healthy Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Nutr. 2017 Dec;147(12):2282-2288. doi: 10.3945/jn.117.254961. Epub 2017 Oct 18. PMID: 29046404.

8. Davidson E, Zimmermann BF, Jungfer E, Chrubasik-Hausmann S. Prevention of urinary tract infections with vaccinium products. Phytother Res. 2014 Mar;28(3):465-70. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5047. Epub 2013 Aug 6. PMID: 23922238.

9.Wojnicz D, Kucharska AZ, Sokół-Łętowska A, Kicia M, Tichaczek-Goska D. Medicinal plants extracts affect virulence factors expression and biofilm formation by the uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Urol Res. 2012 Dec;40(6):683-97. doi: 10.1007/s00240-012-0499-6. Epub 2012 Aug 23. PMID: 22915095; PMCID: PMC3495101.

10. Tapiainen T, Jauhiainen H, Jaakola L, Salo J, Sevander J, Ikäheimo I, Pirttilä AM, Hohtola A, Uhari M. Biofilm formation and virulence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli in urine after consumption of cranberry-lingonberry juice. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 May;31(5):655-62. doi: 10.1007/s10096-011-1355-2. Epub 2011 Aug 7. PMID: 21822564.

11. Nikolaeva-Glomb L, Mukova L, Nikolova N, Badjakov I, Dincheva I, Kondakova V, Doumanova L, Galabov AS. In vitro antiviral activity of a series of wild berry fruit extracts against representatives of Picorna-, Orthomyxo- and Paramyxoviridae. Nat Prod Commun. 2014 Jan;9(1):51-4. PMID: 24660461.

12. Nilsson A, Salo I, Plaza M, Björck I. Effects of a mixed berry beverage on cognitive functions and cardiometabolic risk markers; A randomized cross-over study in healthy older adults. PLoS One. 2017 Nov 15;12(11):e0188173. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188173. eCollection 2017.

13. Nilsson A, Salo I, Plaza M, Björck I. Effects of a mixed berry beverage on cognitive functions and cardiometabolic risk markers; A randomized cross-over study in healthy older adults. PLoS One. 2017 Nov 15;12(11):e0188173. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188173. PMID: 29141041; PMCID: PMC5687726.

14. Zuo C, Li W, Wang L, Zhu J, Wang L, Wang Z. [Effects of lingonberry extraction on the mice cognitive function damaged by chronic stress]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2015 Nov;44(6):943-8. Chinese. PMID: 26738388

15. Bhullar KS, Rupasinghe HPV. Partridgeberry polyphenols protect primary cortical and hippocampal neurons against β-amyloid toxicity. Food Res Int. 2015 Aug;74:237-249. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2015.05.019. Epub 2015 May 11. PMID: 28411989

16. Bhullar KS, Rupasinghe HP. Partridgeberry polyphenols protect rat primary cortical neurons from oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion-induced injury via suppression of inflammatory adipokines and regulation of HIF-1α and PPARγ. Nutr Neurosci. 2016 Jul;19(6):260-8. doi: 10.1179/1476830515Y.0000000026. Epub 2015 May 5. PMID: 25941748

17. Isaak CK, Petkau JC, Blewett H, O K, Siow YL. Lingonberry anthocyanins protect cardiac cells from oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Aug;95(8):904-910. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2016-0667. Epub 2017 Apr 6. PMID: 28384410

18. Isaak CK, Wang P, Prashar S, O K, Brown DC, Debnath SC, Siow YL. Supplementing diet with Manitoba lingonberry juice reduces kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Sci Food Agric. 2017 Jul;97(9):3065-3076. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.8200. Epub 2017 Feb 6. PMID: 28074603

19. Pärnänen P, Nawaz A, Sorsa T, Meurman J, Nikula-Ijäs P. The Effect of Fermented Lingonberry Juice on Candida glabrata Intracellular Protein Expression. Int J Dent. 2017;2017:6185395. doi: 10.1155/2017/6185395. Epub 2017 Mar 30. PMID: 28465686; PMCID: PMC5390647

20.Heyman-Lindén L, Kotowska D, Sand E, et al. Lingonberries alter the gut microbiota and prevent low-grade inflammation in high-fat diet fed mice. Food Nutr Res. 2016;60:29993. Published 2016 Apr 27. doi:10.3402/fnr.v60.29993

21.Matziouridou C, Marungruang N, Nguyen TD, Nyman M, Fåk F. Lingonberries reduce atherosclerosis in Apoe(-/-) mice in association with altered gut microbiota composition and improved lipid profile. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2016 May;60(5):1150-60. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201500738. Epub 2016 Mar 22. PMID: 26890232

22. Ogawa K, Kuse Y, Tsuruma K, Kobayashi S, Shimazawa M, Hara H. Protective effects of bilberry and lingonberry extracts against blue light-emitting diode light-induced retinal photoreceptor cell damage in vitro. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Apr 2;14:120. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-120. PMID: 24690313; PMCID: PMC3992157

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Bilberry

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2. Bagchi D, Roy S, Patel V, et al. Safety and whole body antioxidant potential of a novel anthocyanin-rich formula of edible berries. Mol Cell Biochem. 2006;281:197–209.

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7. Bravetti G.O, Fraboni E, Maccolini E. Preventive medical treatment of senile cataract with vitamin E and Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides: Clinical evaluation. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul. 1989;115:109–16.

8. Burdulis D, Sarkinas A, Jasutienè I, Stackivicenè E, Nikolajevas L, Janulis V. Comparative study of anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity in bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum L.) fruits. Acta Pol Pharm. 2009;66:399–408.

9. Camire M.E. Herbs Botanicals and Teas. Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Company; 2000. Bilberries and blueberries as functional foods and nutraceuticals; pp. 289–319.

10. Canter P.H, Ernst E. Anthocyanosides of Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) for night vision-a systematic review of placebo-controlled trials. Surv Ophthalmol. 2004;49:38–50.

11. Chatterjee A, Yasmin T, Bagchi D, Stohs S.J. Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori in vitro by various berry extracts, with enhanced susceptibility to clarithromycin. Mol Cell Biochem. 2004;265:19–26.

12.  Chen J, Uto T, Tanigawa S, Kumamoto T, Fuji M, Hou D.X. Expression profiling of genes targeted by bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) in macrophages through DNA array. Nutr Cancer. 2008;60:43–50.

13. Choi E.H, Ok H.E, Yoon Y, Magnuson B.A, Kim M.K, Chun H.S. Protective effect of anthocyanin-rich extract from bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus L.) against myelotoxicity induced by 5-fluorouracil. Biofactors. 2007;29:55–65.

14. Choi E.H, Park J.H, Kim M.K, Chun H.S. Alleviation of doxorubicin-induced toxicities by anthocyanin-rich bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus L.) extract in rats and mice. Biofactors. 2010 2010 July 7;36:319–27. Epub.

15. Cignarella A, Nastasi M, Cavalli E, Puglisi L. Novel lipid lowering properties of Vaccinium myrtillus L. leaves, a traditional antidiabetic treatment, in several models of rat dyslipidaemia: A comparison with clofibrate. Thromb Res. 1996;84:311–22.

16. Clifford M.N. Anthocyanins—nature, occurrence and dietary burden. J Sci Food Agric. 2000;80:1063–72.

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18. Cravotto G, Boffa L, Genzini L, Garella D. Phytotherapeutics: An evaluation of the potential of 1000 plants. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2010;35:11–48.

19. Detre Z, Jellinek H, Miskulin M, Robert A.M. Studies on vascular permeability in hypertension: Action of anthocyanosides. Clin Physiol Biochem. 1986;4:143–9.

20. Dreiseitel A, Schreier P, Oehme A, et al., editors. Inhibition of proteasome activity by anthocyanins and anthocyanidins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;372:57–61.

21. Duthie S. Berry phytochemicals, genomic stability and cancer: Evidence for chemoprevention at several stages in the carcinogenic processes. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2007;52:386–7.

22. Erlund I, Kol R, Alfthan G, et al., editors. Favourable effects of berry consumption on platelet function, blood pressure, and HDL cholesterol. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87:323–31.

23. Erlund I, Marniemi J, Hakala P, Alfthan G, Meririnne E, Aro A. Consumption of blackcurrants, lingonberries and bilberries increases serum quercetin concentrations. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57:37–42.

24. Ghosh D, Konishi T. Anthocyanins and anthocyanin-rich extracts: Role in diabetes and eye function. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16:200–8.

25. Grace M.H, Ribnicky D.M, Kuhn P, et al., editors. Hypoglycaemic activity of a novel anthocyanin-rich formulation from low-bush blueberry, Vaccinium anustifolium Aiton. Phytomedicine. 2009 2009 March 20;16:406–15. Epub. 

26. Helmstädter A, Schuster N. Vaccinium myrtillus as an antidiabetic medicinal plant-research through the ages. Pharmazie. 2010;65:315–21.

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28. Huttunen S, Toivanen M, Arkko S, Ruponen M, Tikkanen-Kaukanen C. Inhibition activity of wild berry juice fractions against Streptococcus pneumoniae binding to human bronchial cells. Phytother Res. 2010. n/a. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3240.

29. Jang Y.P, Zhou J, Nakanishi K, Sparrow J.R. Anthocyanins protect against photooxidation and membrane permeabilization in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Photochem Photobiol. 2005;81:529–36.

30. Jayaprakasam B, Vareed S.K, Olsen L.K, Nair M.G. Insulin secretion by bioactive anthocyanins and anthocyanins present in fruits. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:28–31.

31. Karlsen A, Paur I, Bøhn S.V, et al., editors. Bilberry juice modulates plasma concentration of NF-κB related inflammatory markers in subjects at increased risk of CVD. Eur J Nutr. 2010 2010 February 2;49:345–55. Epub.

32. Karlsen A, Retterstol L, Laake P, Paur I, Kjolsrud-Bohn S, Sandvik L, Blomhoff R. Anthocyanins inhibit nuclear factor-B activation in monocytes and reduce plasma concentrations of pro-inflammatory mediators in healthy adults. J Nutr. 2007;137:1951–4.

33. Katsube N, Iwashita K, Tsuchida T, Yamaki K, Kobori M. Induction of apoptosis in cancer cells by bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus ) and the anthocyanins. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:68–75.

34. Kim Y.S, Young M.R, Bobe G, Colburn N.H, Milner J.A. Bioactive food components, inflammatory targets and cancer prevention. Cancer Prev Res. 2009;2:200–8.

35. Kolosova N.G, Shcheglova T.V, Sergeeva S.V, Loskutova L.V. Long term antioxidant supplementationattenuates oxidative stress markers and cognitive deficits in senescent-accelerated OXYS rats. Neurobiol Aging. 2006;27:1289–97.

36. Kong J.-M, Chia L.-S, Goh N.-K, Chia T.-F, Brouillard R. Analysis and biological activities of anthocyanins. Phytochem. 2003;64:923–33.

37. Kowalczyk C, Kxzesmski P, Kura M, Szmigiel B, Blaszczyk J. Anthocyanins in medicine. Pol J Pharmacol. 2003;55:699–702.

38. Lala G, Malik M, Zhao C, He J, Kwon Y, Giusti M.M, Magnuson B.A. Anthocyanin-rich extracts inhibit multiple biomarkers of colon cancer in rats. Nutr Cancer. 2006;54:84–93.

39. Lazzé M.C, Pizzaa R, Savio M, Stivala L.A, Prosperi E, Bianchi L. Anthocyanins protect against DNA damage induced by tert-butyl-hydroperoxide in rat smooth muscle and hepatoma cells. Mutat Res. 2003;535:103–15.

40. Lee S.W. Effects of bilberry ingestion on biomarkers of health and antioxidant content. MSc Thesis. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University; 2008.

41. Lee M.H, Kwon H.A, Kwon D.Y, et al., editors. Antibacterial activity of medicinal herb extracts against Salmonella. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;111:270–5.

42. Lee J, Lee H.K, Kim C.Y, Choe C.M, You T.W, Seong G.J. Purified high-dose anthocyanoside oligomer administration improves nocturnal vision and clinical symptoms in myopia subjects. Br J Nutr. 2005;93:895–9.

43. Madhavi D.L, Bomser J, Smith M. A. L, Singleton K. Isolation of bioactive constituents of Vaccinium myrtillis (bilberry) fruits and cell cultures. Plant Sci. 1998;131:95–103.

44. Martineau L.C, Couture A, Spoor D, et al., editors. Anti-diabetic properties of the Canadian low-bush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. Phytomedicine. 2006;13:612–23.

45. Mas T, Susperregui J, Berkè B, Chéze C, Moreau S, Nuhrich A, Vercauteren J. DNA triplex stabilization property of natural anthocyanins. Phytochem. 2000;53:679–87.

46. Matsui T, Ogunwande I.A, Abesundara K.J, Matsumoto K. Anti-hyperglycemic potential of natural products. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2006;6:349–56.

47. Matsunaga N, Imai S, Inokuchi Y, Shimazawa M, Yokata S, Araki Y, Hara H. Bilberry and its main constituents have neuroprotective effects against retinal neuronal damage in vitro and in vivo. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009;53:869–77. [PubMed]

48. Matsunaga N, Tsuruma K, Shimazawa M, Yokota S, Hara H. Inhibitory actions of bilberry anthycyanidins on angiogenesis. Phytother Res. 2010;24:S42–7.

49. Mazza G, Kay C.D, Correll T, Holub B.J. Absorption of anthocyanins from blueberries and serum antioxidant status in human subjects. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:7731–7.

50. McDougall G.J, Kulkarni N.N, Stewart D. Current developments on the inhibitory effects of berry polyphenols on digestive enzymes. Biofactors. 2008;34:73–80.

51. Milbury P.E, Graf B, Curran-Celentano J.M, Blumberg J.M. Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) anthocyanins modulate heme oxygenase-1 and glutathione S-tranferase-pi expression in ARPE-19 cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007;48:2343–9.

52. Mutanen M, Pajari A.M, Paivarinta E, Misikangas M, Rajakangas J, Marttinen M, Oikarinen S. Berries as preventive dietary constituents-a mechanistic approach with ApcMin+ mouse. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17:123–5.

53. Nguyen V, Tang J, Oroudjev E, Lee C.J, Marasigan C, Wilson L, Ayoub G. Cytotoxic effects of bilberry extract in MCF7-GFP-tubulin breast cancer cells. J Med Food. 2010;13:278–85.

54. Packer L, Cadenas E. Oxidants and antioxidants revisited: New concepts of oxidative stress. Free Radic Res. 2007;41:951–2.

55. Park S.J, Shin W.H, Seo J.W, Kim E.J. Anthocyanins inhibit airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness in a murine asthma model. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45:1459–67.

56. Persson I.A, Persson K, Andersson R.G. Effect of Vaccinium myrtillus and its polyphenols on angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in human endothelial cells. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:4626–9.

57. Petlevski R, Hadžija M, Slijepčević M, Juretic D. Effect of “antidiabetis” herbal preparation on serum glucose and fructosamine in NOD mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;75:181–4.

58. Pool-Zobel B.L, Bub A, Schràder N, Rechkemmer G. Anthocyanins are potent antioxidants in model systems but do not reduce endogenous oxidative DNA damage in colon cells. Eur J Nutr. 1999;227-34;38

59. Prior R.L, Wu X. Anthocyanins: Structural characteristics that results in unique metabolic patterns and biological activities. Free Radic Res. 2006;40:1014–28.

60. Puupponen-Pimiä R, Nohynek L, Alakomi H.-L, Oksman-Caldentey K.-M. Bioactive berry compounds-novel tools against human pathogens. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005a;67:8–19.

61. Puupponen-Pimià R, Nohynek L, Alakomi H.-L, Oksman-Caldentey K.-M. Theaction of berry phenolics against human intestinal pathogens. Biofactors. 2005b;23:243–51.

62. Qin Y, Xia M, Ma J, et al., editors. Anthocyanin supplementation improves serum LDL- and HDL-cholesterol concentrations associated with the inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein in dyslipidemic subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;90:485–92.

63. Saija A, Princi P, D’Amico N, Pasquale R. De, Costa G. Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanins on triiodothyronine transport into the brain in the rat. Pharmacol Res. 1990;22:59–60.

64. Sakakibari H, Ogawa T, Koyanagi A, et al., editors. Distribution and excretion of bilberry anthocyanins in mice. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:7681–6.

65. Seeram N.P. Berry fruits: Compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and disease. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:627–9.

66. Seeram N.P. Berry fruits for cancer prevention: Current status and future prospects. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;56:630–5.

67. Sharma A.D, Sharma R. Anthocyanin-DNA copigmentation complex: Mutual protection against oxidative damage. Phytochem. 1999;52:1313–8.

68. Shukitt-Hale B, Lau F.C, Joseph J.A. Berry fruit supplementation and the aging brain. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;56:636–41.

69. Song J, Li Y, Ge J, et al., editors. Protective effects of bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillis L.) extracts on cultured human corneal limbal epithelial cells (HCLEC). PhytotherRes. 2010;24:520–4.

70. Svobodová A, Zdarilová A, Vostalova J. Locinere caerulea and Vaccinium myrtillus fruit polyphenols protect HaCaT keratinocytes against UVB-induced phototoxic stress and DNA damage. J Dermatol Sci. 2009;56:196–201.

71. Takikawa M, Inoue S, Horio F, Tsuda T. Dietary anthocyaninrich bilberry extract ameliorates hyperglycemia and insulin sensitivity via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in diabetic mice. J Nutr. 2009;140:527–33.

72. Talavera S, Felgines C, Texier O, Besson C, Gil-Izquierdo A, Lamaison J.L, Remesy C. Anthocyanin metabolism in rats and their distribution to digestive area, kidney and brain. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:3902–8.

73. Talavera S, Felgines C, Texier O, Besson C, Lamaison J.L, Remesy C. Anthocyanins are efficiently absorbed from the stomach in anaesthetized rats. J Nutr. 2003;133:4178–82.

74. Thomasset S, Berry D.P, Cai H, et al., editors. Pilot study of oral anthocyanins for colorectal cancer chemoprevention. Cancer Prev Res. 2009;2:625–33.

75. Thomasset S, Teller N, Cai H, Marko D, Berry D.P, Steward W.P, Gescher A.J. Do anthocyanins and anthocyanidins, cancer chemopreventive pigments in the diet, merit development as potential drugs? Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2009;64:201–11.

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Monkfruit

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